I did quote her a verse from Proverbs which says, "Evil men do not understand justice, but those who seek the Lord understand it fully,' (28:5) NIV. Later I turned to Webster's New World Dictionary with Student Handbook and comment number 1. was, "being righteous." Comment number 5. was "reward or penalty as deserved." Under the phrase "to do justice" was comment number 1,, "to treat fitly or rightly."
Being righteous and being just are essentially the same thing. Proverbs has a line of reasoning that teaches if one is wise then he will be righteous, and to live in a righteous way is to live wise. To be righteous means you will treat others with justice and you will deal justly in your affairs. Seeking the Lord makes us righteous; without a fear of Him, without a relationship with Him it is impossible to be truly wise, and thus truly righteous, and thus truly just.
I find the book of Proverbs to be very helpful in keeping me on track as to issues of justice. I learn there that God cares about just measurements and weights. This means I give everyone the same measurement, with the same standard. In the matter of payments and costs this hopefully gives me a reputation of integrity. Most everyone wants to have their vegetables weighed by the same measure on the scale at the market, to pay for a gallon of gasoline and have your gallon be exactly the same amount of gasoline as my gallon. This is the part of economics that is fairly simple math, but when the math gets complicated it is interesting to see how the measurements change for those who have control of it.
In a world that has lost its foundations in accepting God's Word as Truth justice is more and more defined by groups and self interest.. In a world of people who do not seek the Lord, who do not know the fear of God, there is a free for all in defining truth and thus a difficulty to find our way to righteousness. Justice is always overturned when the interests of one person or group is given greater emphasis, protection, or advantage than others. The reasons for this can be for a variety of reasons such as ignorance, selfishness, greed, racism, etc. Historically people seem to have been able to perpetuate injustice against others in complete sincerity that they had a "right" to do these things to other people. Some have known full well that there actions were wrong, unjust, or evil and they cynically continued the injustice. Others have done it with layers of self-justification to appease their conscience.
Having a Word from God which is absolute helps us to understand how morality affects justice. God makes hard lines of conduct where humans could be confused and allow immorality as they pursue a faddish concept of rights. In other words, some things we seem to innately get and some things have to be revealed to us. If we have no fear of God than that revelation won't mean anything to us, until of course we come to the point of "reward or penalty as deserved" when we stand before God. Christians believe this is inevitable and the fact that everybody dies reminds us of it.
People who fear God believe that ultimately there is justice, for everyone, though it be delayed until death. Christians base all their hope on the idea that spiritual justice was satisfied by the death of Jesus on the cross. Since there is no difference in that all people sin we all face death with absolute bleakness as we await God's judgment on our lives. That is, unless the penalty for our sin, guilt, and shame has been paid by the atoning death of the One for the many, the Just for the unjust, the only Righteous One for the unrighteous many. Having this faith in the substitution of Jesus in taking their punishment gives the Christian hope, but it is proved in the Christian's transformation into a moral and just actor in this world.
If any people ought to live justly it should be Christians. When those who have claimed Christ as their Lord have been unjust to others they have not proved out their faith and are certainly open to the charge of being hypocrites. They have not loved their brother in those acts of injustice, and so when they say they love God they have lied. It is hard to accept that a person has been transformed by the grace of God into a saint if they have failed to love and failed to treat others as they wish to be treated. The balance that the Apostle John gives in the book of I John about our love for God being proved by our love for our brothers is fairly simple and straightforward, and devastating against our rationalizations.
"The righteous care about justice for the poor but the wicked have no such concern." (Proverbs 29:7) NIV
Righteousness for the Christian goes beyond just thinking about his or her own morality but extends into caring for those who cannot defend themselves. "Speak up for those who cannot speak for themselves, for the rights of all who are destitute. Speak up and judge fairly; defend the rights of the poor and needy." (Proverbs 31:8-9) NIV We are not being just if our concern for righteousness only extends to our own reputation, our own moral rectitude. Righteousness for the Christian is not complete until his compassion and his defense extends to the rights of the helpless and the poor.